Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster resilience: A national imperative

No person or place is immune from disasters or disaster-related losses. Infectious disease outbreaks, acts of terrorism, social unrest, or financial disasters in addition to natural hazards can all lead to large-scale consequences for the nation and its communities. Communities and the nation thus face difficult fiscal, social, cultural, and environmental choices about the best ways to ensure basic security and quality of life against hazards, deliberate attacks, and disasters.

Spatial scale in environmental risk mapping: A valley fever case study

Background. Valley fever is a fungal infection occurring in desert regions of the U.S. and Central and South America. Environmental risk mapping for this disease is hampered by challenges with detection, case reporting, and diagnostics as well as challenges common to spatial data handling. 
Design and Methods. Using 12,349 individual cases in Arizona from 2006 to 2009, we analyzed risk factors at both the individual and area levels. 

Measurement needs of food security during flood disaster in Bera, Pahang

Food Preferences with dietary needs for an active and healthy life were achieved when there have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food in all time. It is also known as food security. It comprises of food utilization, food availability, food access and food stability. This paper studies the flood situation in Bera district area, Pahang by assessing the intensity of flood damages and its impacts on food security, which comes out with the measurement of needs of food security during the flood.

Regional disaster risk management strategies for food security: Probing Southern African Development Community channels for influencing national policy

Natural disasters and food insecurity are directly interconnected. Climate change-related hazards such as floods, hurricanes, tsunamis, droughts, and other risks can weaken food security and severely impact agricultural activities. Consequently, this has an impact on market access, trade, food supply, reduced income, increased food prices, decreased farm income, and employment. Natural disasters create poverty, which in turn increases the prevalence of food insecurity and malnutrition. It is clear that disasters put food security at risk.

Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters

This report explores the macro-economic and public finance implications of natural disasters, including the role of information and mechanisms for risk spreading, and drawing in particular on evidence from Bangladesh, Dominica, and Malawi. Major natural disasters can have severe negative short-run economic and budgetary impacts. Disasters also appear to have adverse longer-term consequences for economic growth, development, and poverty reduction. However, negative impacts are not inevitable: sensitivity to natural hazards is determined by a complex, dynamic set of influences.

Urban disaster recovery: a measurement framework and its application to the 1995 Kobe earthquake

This paper provides a framework for assessing empirical patterns of urban disaster recovery through the use of statistical indicators. Such a framework is needed to develop systematic knowledge on how cities recover from disasters. The proposed framework addresses such issues as defining recovery, filtering out exogenous influences unrelated to the disaster, and making comparisons across disparate areas or events. It is applied to document how Kobe City, Japan, recovered from the catastrophic 1995 earthquake.

Strengthening the information deficit model for disaster preparedness: Mediating and moderating effects of community participation

The information deficit model (IDM) suggests that disseminating relevant information to the public about an issue or concern can result in people changing their perception, beliefs and attitude leading to positive actions. In the context of disaster preparedness, IDM suggests that providing information associated to disaster risk and response actions to concerned stakeholders should increase the level of disaster preparedness, leading to mitigation in the growing damages caused by disasters.

Relationship between citizens' risk perceptions formed by disaster information and migration decision-making: Evidence from Japan

This study approached the problem of how disaster-related information from various media leads to citizens recognizing risk, and how this affects migration decision-making. A web questionnaire was administered in seven areas that are at risk of being affected by the Nankai megathrust earthquake.

Managing disasters amid COVID-19 pandemic: Approaches of response to flood disasters

The world faces difficulties managing disasters while making efforts to slowing the spread of COVID-19. The paper aims at proposing policies and approaches to manage dual disasters of flooding and COVID-19. It reviews on-going efforts of organizations in the humanitarian assistance, water and sanitation, disaster management, and health sectors. Based on review works the policy was recommended. The objective of the policy is to protect human life, in particular, vulnerable groups, from the human security perspective.