Measuring community resilience against coastal hazards: Case study in Baron Beach, Gunungkidul Regency

The impacts of natural disaster occurred in coastal area have pushed environmental damage and threatened its sustainability as well as the existence of community livelihood. Accelerating risks from coastal hazards add the disadvantages for communities living in coastal areas, especially those who are very dependent on natural resources. The objectives of the research are the research is intended to measure the resilience of coastal community through collective resilience assessment and bottom-up approach in community level. Based on overall scores, mix-livelihood community is categorized as medium resilience with the score of (1.99), whereas fishery community (2.3) and tourism community (2.5) are categorized as high resilience score. The result of the participatory approach suggests that communities in Baron Beach are highly aware of the importance of the coastal environment especially within karst ecosystem. However, their awareness does not in line with their action of managing the sustainability of the ecosystem. Their livelihood practices still neglect the principle of environment conservation. Environmental conservation efforts and long-term disaster mitigation practice are still behind economic fulfillment of the livelihood. Therefore, community participation is a crucial requirement for implementing this approach. This research proposed co-management practice in form of Adaptive Co-Management that can be defined as a partnership approach where government and resource users share the responsibility and authority for the management of a fishery or area, based on collaboration between themselves and with other stakeholders.

Reserach Authors
Nurzaman, Arie
Shaw, Rajib
Roychansyah, Muhammad Sani